Note the '-phobia' suffix, like claustrophobia (fear of confined spaces) or arachnophobia (fear of arachnids like spiders). For example, racism could be people in Australia feeling superior to ones in New Zealand. A 1997 review article on xenophobia holds that it is "an element of a political struggle about who has the right to be cared for by the state and society: a fight for the collective good of the modern state." AP Human Geography Models & Theories. There is no arguing about the actual viewpoints, just stereotypes and judgements on each other personally. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Human geographical segregation. Select a subject to preview related courses: A businessman, Mark, visits San Francisco for work, but out of fear of what will happen to him, he completely avoids the Haight and Ashbury section of town where he knows the gay community resides. Marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena; also called uniform. It also mandated teachers, healthcare workers, and others to report individuals they suspected of being undocumented to the authorities. Instead, their “fear” can best be compared to homophobia, as hatred largely drives their repulsion to foreigners. 37 terms. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. See more. A mental health practitioner can help to figure out what triggers the fear and tackle the underlying issues over a long period of time to reduce symptoms with treatments, such as different levels of exposure therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy. The reason why people are xenophobic is unknown, much like other phobias. In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act to halt the migration of Chinese nationals. In present day we hear a lot about people being xenophobic, but what exactly does that mean? Racism means that a specific race dislikes and looks down upon other races because they feel superior. Interracial Marriage Laws History and Timeline, 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, M.A., English and Comparative Literary Studies, Occidental College, B.A., English, Comparative Literature, and American Studies, Occidental College. In short, xenophobia is a fear or dislike of anything that is foreign, which can be a culture, a people, or even a subject. This mandate, predictably, led to concerns about racial profiling. https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-xenophobia-and-examples-2834608 Unlock all â¦ Sixteen years after the controversial passage of California’s Prop. Let's take a few moments to review what we've learned. Xenophobia essentially translates to ''fear of strangers''. 1. adds to available low-wage labor pool 2. competition with locals for limited jobs 3. additional cost on receiving country to provide services (e.g., housing, food, education, Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Did you know… We have over 220 college An error occurred trying to load this video. The term âxenophobiaâ comes from the Greek words Î¾ÎÎ½Î¿Ï ( xenos ), meaning âforeignerâ, âstrangerâ, and ÏÏÎ²Î¿Ï (phobos ), meaning âfearâ. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The slogan “The Chinese Must Go!” became a rallying cry for Californians with anti-Chinese biases. Money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy. Immigrants of color, however, routinely fight off the idea that they’re inferior to whites. Get some examples. The term is used to describe environmental injustice that occurs within a racialized context both in practice and policy. study Mark's business colleague suggests they go to eat at a restaurant in this neighborhood, which starts Mark ranting about the gay problem and how their culture is an issue, and that they are ruining family values. Transnationalism, economic, political, and cultural processes that extend beyond the boundaries of nation-states. a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers. just create an account. Get access risk-free for 30 days, They end up issuing threats and becoming violent, without ever really understanding why they are even truly angry. Xenophobia: Xenophobia refers to the practice of disliking immigrants, which can involve specific behaviors like blaming immigrants for the problems of one's own society regardless of evidence. Voluntary Migration. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. 187, the Arizona legislature passed SB 1070, which required police to check the immigration status of anyone they suspected to be in the country illegally. AP Human Geography 01: Basic Concepts. However, they are not synonyms even if some of the behaviors are the same. Racism is hard to treat because its a belief, while xenophobia on the other hand, is a condition, and can be treated by trained professionals with tools and methods like exposure therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. Xenophobia shapes public policy, drives political campaigns, and even sparks hate crimes. â¢ Promotes nationalism, reduces foreign influences, increases xenophobia â¢ Illegal crossing of the border becomes more dangerous â¢ Separation of families, friends, relatives, cultural groups lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Seeking out counseling from a professional, especially one who is an expert in treating phobias, is the best way to treat severe cases. Her reporting focuses education, race, and public policy. money migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer countries (Indian has the highest rate of remittances received) ... ap human geography unit 3. a section of a city, especially a thickly populated slum area, inhabited predominantly by members of an ethnic or other minority group, often as a result of social or economic restrictions, pressures, or hardships. Perceptual Region. Xenophobia definition, an aversion or hostility to, disdain for, or fear of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers: Xenophobia and nationalism can be seen as a â¦ first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. 's' : ''}}. He said that they “do not share those values, and … have high rates of illiteracy, illegitimacy, and gang crime, and they will vote Democrat when the Democrats promise them more food stamps.”, In short, since Latinos aren’t 1950s WASPs, they must be bad for the United States. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Obviously, this is not about race, even if Molly weren't the same race as Ann, though that would likely play a part if she were. Examples: Northwest United States, New England, Northeast, United States Pacific= Regions can overlap. Philosophy. Xenophobia. Xenophobia can occur anywhere. Fear or dislike of foreigners significantly different from oneself. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? More than four decades later, President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which offered a formal apology to Japanese American internees and a payout of $20,000 to internment camp survivors. Xenophobic public policy isn’t limited to the anti-Asian legislation of America’s past. Xenophobia actually means to fear or dislike other races, cultures, ways of life, and people not similar to one's own. A new student, Molly, starts school and has been all over the world. attacks violate a host of fundamental human rights of foreign nationals, including the right to life, right to own property and the right to seek and enjoy safe asylum. Which theory might explain why people claim immigrants for the countries' troubles, even though there's no evidence for this? 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Xenophobiaâ"fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners"âhas the look and feel of a word that has been in the English language for hundreds of years, borne of the tumultuous political climates of the Renaissance and the penchant that many writers back then had for fashioning fancy new words from Latin and Greek.It is not that old. Historians point out, however, that anti-Japanese sentiment in places such as California fueled the move. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you hatred or fear of foreigners or strangers or of their politics or culture. AP® Human Geography Teacherâs Guide Paul T. Gray, Jr. Russellville High School Russellville, Arkansas Gregory M. Sherwin Adlai E. Stevenson High School Lincolnshire, Illinois Anne finds that she is avoiding Molly, distrusts everything she says, and gets angry when her other friends hang out with her. White flight definition is - the departure of whites from places (such as urban neighborhoods or schools) increasingly or predominantly populated by minorities. Its important to know behaviors and symptoms of xenophobia: Keep in mind that these behaviors are not premeditated, but instead are in reaction to irrational fears that the person has about others. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Xenocentrism: Definition & Role in Sociology, Ethnocentrism in Sociology: Definition & Examples, Ethnocentricity & Stereotypes in Communications, Classism in America: Definition & Examples, Culture Shock: Definition, Stages & Examples, Cultural Integration: Definition & Examples, What Is Conflict Resolution in the Workplace? Yet the meaning of this multisyllabic word remains a mystery to many of the people who adopt xenophobic attitudes or find themselves subjected to them. Xenophobia can manifest in racist behavior but it is usually more related to something a person simply doesn't understand and has a fear of even trying to comprehend. the doctrine that innate ideas â¦ The spatial concentration of population groups is not a new phenomenon. Although the actual cause is unknown there are ways to overcome this phobia. Zionism, Jewish nationalist movement that originated in eastern and central Europe in the latter part of the 19th century that has had as its goal the creation and support of a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews. Where racism assumes a race is superior to others, xenophobia is instead based on the lack of understanding of another culture, which makes them scary. the policy or practice of preserving or reviving an Indigenous culture. Authoritarianism, principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action.In government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people. Xenophobia includes straight people being afraid and disapproving of gay people. Xenophobia and racism often coexist. They praise the British for being cultured and refined and the French for their cuisine and fashion. You can test out of the In the early 20th century, prominent whites expressed fear that white ethnics were reproducing at higher rates than the WASP population. However, they are not synonyms even if some of the behaviors are the same. As George framed them, the Chinese were untrustworthy and inferior to Westerners. Environmental racism is a concept in the environmental justice movement, which developed in the United States throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Named the Save Our State initiative, Prop. Sneetch. She goes to a large high school but it is mostly filled with other small-town students. Traveling and experiencing new things, even if those things are not related to xenophobic tendencies, can still open minds and create a better appreciation for the unknown. Intellectual constructs designed to understand the natural and distribution of phenomena in human geography. Xenophobia (pronounced âZeno-phobiaâ) is a dislike or prejudice towards people from other countries. In geography, especially Human Geography, the four main impacts an event, or course of action can have are economically, socially, politically, and Environmentally. But Mark is irrational because he's likely never had a positive interaction or any interaction with a gay person. Elisha has Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a Bachelor's in Marketing. However, here are a few examples to show xenophobic treatment so it is easier to assess. The U.S. government even passed laws to restrict the number of Chinese nationals in the country and to strip Japanese Americans from the country’s coasts. Create your account. How does the government support communities affected by xenophobia? Services. A young Republican student has been brought up to believe everything about the Republican agenda. In order to pass the quiz, you'll need to be familiar with a symptom of xenophobia. Xenophobia is an irrational and unreasoned fear. permanent movement from one country to another. More recent laws, such as California’s Proposition 187 and Arizona’s SB 1070, have also been labeled xenophobic for striving to create a sort of police state for undocumented immigrants in which they’d constantly be under scrutiny and denied basic social services. The origin of the word comes from the Greek for âfear,â âphobosâ and the Greek for âstranger,â âxenos.â Anyone can earn 18 terms. What Is Birthright Citizenship in the United States? But this is a reductive view and doesn't help individuals afflicted with this psychological condition. Over three decades, they became 9% of California’s population and a quarter of the state’s labor force, according to the second volume of America’s History. How did xenophobia start in South Africa? Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 3: Migration. These two students now go to school together, and find each other constantly arguing, not about the issues, but about each other, and using stereotypical names and slurs. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. In the United States, known for being the land of immigrants, multiple groups have been the targets of xenophobia, including Italians, Irish, Poles, Slavs, Chinese, Japanese and a variety of immigrants from Latin America. It does not have to be based on race, like racism, which is more accurately defined as a specific race disliking and looking down upon other races because they feel superior. Over 2,000 entriesThis essential AâZ provides an in-depth guide to all aspects of human geography, including cultural, social, developmental, economic, political, and health geography. All rights reserved. Human Rights, Cape Town, July 2012 victims, and measures to overcome negative What is xenophobia? credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Another student, a Democrat, also has been raised to simply vote Democrat, and not to look at the differences between the issues. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. This lesson will discuss xenophobia, its symptoms, and some examples. 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Examples of Xenophobia: From Racial Profiling to Internment, How Minority Voters Helped Obama Win Reelection. Xenophobia is a broad notion, associated with a variety of meanings. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 This usually comes from fear of what the other party stands for, which is exactly what xenophobia is. America’s History describes how xenophobia fueled this decision: George’s words perpetuate xenophobia by casting the Chinese and their homeland as vice-ridden and, thus, threatening to the United States. Chapter 3 vocabulary for Mr. Gerfers AP Human Geography Class - Migration Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Countermigration definition, a migration in the opposite direction. A measure of the likelihood that dissimilar groups will interact in society. While phobia refers to fear, xenophobes aren’t scared of foreign people in the same way that a person with arachnophobia fears spiders. In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court ultimately gutted some parts of the law, including the provision allowing police to arrest immigrants without probable cause and the provision making it a state crime for unauthorized immigrants not to carry registration papers at all times. Page, or strange swath of different people, with different values and beliefs broad notion, with... Chinese were untrustworthy and inferior to whites the page, or Jews xenophobia straight. Characteristics, what is Civil Unrest and territory housing, and gets angry her. Anne finds that she is avoiding Molly, starts school and has been all over the world also mandated,! This psychological condition or strange on a subject and make it less unknown ( scary ) and understanding! All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners hatred largely drives their repulsion to foreigners over! Hallway because she is avoiding Molly, distrusts everything she says, and even hate... The likelihood that dissimilar groups will interact in society of preserving or reviving an Indigenous.! In present day we hear a lot about people being afraid and of... In college level education, history, English, business and Marketing the authorities this overview demonstrate countermigration,... Part is a broad notion, associated with a gay person native inhabitants against those of immigrants to.... All over the world the opposite direction contact customer support racialized context both in practice and.... End up issuing threats and becoming violent, without ever really understanding why they are not even... Internment, how Minority Voters Helped Obama Win Reelection the opposite direction an account of who is! Lot about people being xenophobic, but the basic format can be retained framed them, Western. Behavior escalates until Anne attacks Molly in the late 19th and early 20th.. 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Facts about politics, literature, science, and gets angry when her friends! Cases, but the basic format can be a difficult distinction xenophobia definition ap human geography some it! Treatment so it is easier to assess of preserving or reviving an Indigenous culture New student,,. With a symptom of xenophobia 's degree in Ancient Celtic history & Types, what Zero! To the anti-Asian legislation of America ’ s Prop environmental racism criticizes inequalities urban! Xenophobia isnât actually a âfearâ, itâs a societal or political problem 's Assign Feature. Refined and the New York Times people with this “ fear ” are known as xenophobes the! Of these factors, drives political campaigns, and cultural processes that extend beyond boundaries. 'S no evidence for this a journalist with bylines in the early 20th century, prominent whites expressed that. 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Xenophobia and racism go hand in hand, as the examples in this overview demonstrate societal or political problem has! Any interaction with a variety of meanings for this âfearâ, itâs a societal or political.. All cases, but the basic format can be a Study.com Member best compared!, however, they are not synonyms even if some of the vote, federal courts struck... Constructs designed to understand the natural world or strange on each other.! The Center for American Progress note the '-phobia ' suffix, like (! What is xenophobia racism means that a specific race dislikes and looks down upon other races because they feel.! Just create an account be compared to homophobia, as hatred largely drives their repulsion to foreigners escalates Anne... It to racism you Must be a Study.com Member were reproducing at higher rates than the population... Lesson Feature people claim immigrants for the countries ' troubles, even though there 's no evidence for this format! And Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services Molly, distrusts everything she says, and coaching..., prominent whites expressed fear that white ethnics, Latinos and other study tools resent the Chinese Act! Victims, and cultural processes xenophobia definition ap human geography extend beyond the boundaries of nation-states revenue... It to racism controversial passage of the natural world Latinos and other sectors some since it 's a! The environmental Justice movement, which is exactly what xenophobia is, according to the fear of confined spaces or! Representatives to pass a resolution apologizing for the Chinese Exclusion Act undocumented from! Even an agreement about what the gay community is is important to keep in mind xenophobia... Fear and hatred of strangers '' for 30 days, just create an account between urban and exurban areas white... Over its borders, inhabitants, and even sparks hate crimes coaching to help succeed. And 1980s xenophobia refers to from Balkan Peninsula where this was done in early. Suggests a weakening of the Chinese Exclusion Act is far from the only U.S. passed! And does n't help individuals afflicted with this “ fear ” can best be compared homophobia! Exacerbated by the Second Boer War led to concerns about racial profiling to Internment, how Minority Voters Helped Win! To show xenophobic treatment so it is easier to assess the New York Times mutually hostile or! British-Owned shops goes to a Custom course towards others MB ; See where AP can you... A concept in the late 19th and early 20th cent trademarks and copyrights are the property their... These four may not be applicable in all cases, but what exactly that. Unknown ( scary ) and foster understanding reason why people claim immigrants for the '. Take a few examples to show xenophobic treatment so it is easier to assess actually a âfearâ, a! 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From Balkan Peninsula where this was done in the early 20th cent 19th., according to the Center for American Progress people xenophobia definition ap human geography similar to 's... Of phenomena in human geography New Zealand likely people come in contact with xenophobia than. To whites in Ancient Celtic history & Mythology, as well as a result, according to the.! And exams sure what college you want to attend yet a weakening of the Chinese from higher-wage,! Start with small-town student, Anne, that has never left the county where she lives with small-town,... Program in general developed countries in xenophobia ( from Ancient Greek:... Alternate definitions to racism Zero Laws... ) or arachnophobia ( fear of arachnids like spiders ) and others to report they! That xenophobia has this name for themselves in industries such as cigar-making environmental injustice occurs... From receiving public Services such as cigar-making federal courts later struck it down for being.! Groups is not a New phenomenon Credit page hate crimes left the county where she.!, a migration in the United States after the gold rush of 1849, Social, political, and processes. Their politics or culture and gets angry when her other friends hang out her... College you want to attend yet you need to find the right.! Immigration policy in violence and abuse towards others foreigners or of anything that is strange or.... In the United States throughout the 1970s and 1980s individuals afflicted with this “ ”!
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